When buying a pre-owned forklift, many buyers concern yourself with getting stuck with a lemon. It’s unfamiliar territory, nearly everyone knows what to consider in the vehicle, but have you thought about a forklift? It’s a pricey purchase that you have to be reliable for years. This is a basic checklist you ought to look for when buying a pre-owned forklift.
You should be aware: This article covers physical inspection of used forklift for sale. For advice on selecting a forklift size and kind, please see this short article.
It once was a chore, needing to drive in one factory to a different (often widely spaced in several suburbs). Now of course we have the internet to help. Most forklift sellers currently have a site (just like that one!), and being able to see upfront what type of units are offered is actually a massive time saver. When checking websites, it’s still a great idea to ring the retailer and check there are no unlisted forklifts, often we sell forklifts just before they can be listed on the site.
When checking forklifts online it can be difficult to find out details but you would like to look to the following:
No obvious impact damage (scrapes and scratches are ok)
Minimal or no rust
Tyres that aren’t worn-out
Now that you have selected several retailers or units to consider, make and appointment and go take a look. This is why you may really obtain a good check out the used forklift in question. Should you be shopping having a low budget in mind, you will need to make allowances for the unit that will not meet all these criteria, but seek out any problems and request the salesman specifically if they can be fixed before purchase, especially things which might turn into a safety hazard or stop the system from working.
Please remember that this really is a guide only, and depending on the age and expense from the unit, you might want to compromise. What is important would be to A:Get good value for money and B:Have a reliable forklift
Look for new paint or paint in good shape, preferably with decals (better resale value) and warning stickers (for operator safety). Scratching and scrapes are ok, extensive rust, overspray from bad repainting and big dints will not be. Check plastics (if any) for cracks or splits.
Open the bonnet and commence the engine. It ought to start easily and idle smoothly (it will probably be more noisy than a car). Look above and below for engine (black) oil leaks. Check starter motor fires rapidly. Rev engine hard in neutral and appearance tailpipe once warm for blue or black smoke. Exhaust should be minimal if LPG, and clear of excessive odour.
Raise Carriage to full height (move forklift outdoors if needed). Check lifting speed is steady and constant. Rev engine to increase lift speed then run in idle to make certain it consistently raise. Tilt back and forward at full extension, engine should not stall. Shims in tilt mechanism ought not move an excessive amount of, carriage really should not be sloppy. Drop down, movement ought to be smooth and steady, all stages should move around in turn with no jamming.
Check all visible hoses for leaks. Look underneath the forklift for greenish or golden hydraulic oil. Move mast to full tilt and view for leaks again while under pressure. Levers should move easily and operation must be smooth for those controls. For hydraulic drive forklifts (Linde), drive back and forward, operation needs to be quick and smooth.
Drive the used forklift around in a tight circle, backwards and forwards. Use brake, inch and accelerator to full extension, check seating position and controls can be found.
Seat and Lights
Seat must be free of large rips and tears. Seatbelt (if component of original equipment), needs to be functional. Flashing light on roof must be working, other lights if fitted ought to be working but are not essential unless road use is essential. Engaging reverse should trigger beeper or buzzer
All tyres should be evenly worn, with enough usage left to them. Solid and cushion tyres must be free from major tears and damage, Solid tyres ought to have tread. Pneumatic tyres must have adequate air pressure
Diesel/Petrol: Check under tank for cracks. Examine fuel cap area for damage. Check fuel lines.
LPG: Examine tank connector for damage. Make sure that seals work, no smell our sound should are derived from pipe. Check pipe for abrasions or marks. Check tank clips for damage, insert and take away tank to ensure it is held firmly.
Tynes should be able to slide on carriage, but be held securely set up when clipped in, and never flop about. Check tynes on the used forklift for bending or excessive wear, especially around the ‘heel’ (bend) of the tynes
Battery (Electric only)
Inspect battery for missing caps or damaged leads. Any visible acid should be really small, no long-term buildup. Check water system (if installed) for leaks. Start up charger and make sure it really works, check outlet plug for damage.
Notes on buying online without any inspection
Living interstate in the used forklift in question or have been in a rural area, you may be required to purchase over the web. There may be no problem using this type of approach, you need to simply be 74dexmpky careful. When emailing a supplier, require extensive details and loads of photos, especially close ups of your motor and mast/carriage. If you can prove to them into a friend or relative with mechanical knowledge. Check against other suppliers for price and condition of units the same price. Find out about warranty availability, it is almost always restricted for interstate purchasing but make sure the salesman understands that you anticipate reliability and good condition and are ready to return the forklift if it doesn’t meet your expectations.